Hornet SVG (lat. Vespa) – arthropod insect, which belongs to the subclass winged insects, infraclass new winged insects, a detachment of insects with complete transformation, a detachment of membrane winged, a detachment of stalk-belly, nadzemeistvoeyskomu shaped, a family of real wasps, the subfamily of vespina, the genus of hornets.
Hornet SVG – description, structure, characteristics. How does the hornet look like?
On average, insects have sizes from 1.8 to 3.5 cm, and the largest ones are hornets of the species Vespa mandarinia – they reach 5.5 cm in length. The hornets differ from the other members of the family of real wasps in that they have a larger head and a fairly wide head, a part of the head located behind the facet eyes. In addition to facet eyes, the insect has 3 simple eyes. The head may be black, yellow, orange or reddish-brown with yellow spots. There are brown-black antennae on the head, the number of which varies between females and males. The insect’s mandibles (jaws) are black, brown or yellow orange.
The Hornet SVG has a rounded abdomen, stretched with a slender waist in the area of the joint with the chest. The coloring of many hornets resembles that of a wasp, but the alternation of black, yellow or reddish orange stripes may not be so bright and clear. Other species have a brown or black abdomen with one red or yellow stripe, or sometimes without it at all.
For example, the hornet is variable (lat. Vespa fumida) has completely brown-black color with alternation of lighter and darker tones. Also, the stripes on the abdomen of some varieties may have white color (as in the species Vespa luctuosa). The insect’s body has hairs of different sizes.
At the end of the abdomen, working females and uterus have ovipositories, which are stings. In a quiet state, it is invisible because it is drawn into the insect’s abdomen. At the base of the sting there is a pair of poisonous iron with a tank filled with poison. The stinger is straight and smooth, unlike the bee stinger, it has no jagged edges, so that the stinger, like other wasps, can sting repeatedly.
The hornet has a total of 3 pairs of black, brown or yellow legs, depending on the species. In the structure of the extremities there are coxae, swirls, hips, shin with spurs at the end and legs. The membrane wings of the insect are represented by two pairs: large front and small rear wings.
The front wings are at rest and folded along the back. When flying, the front edge of the small wings is attached with special hooks to the rear edge of the large wings: thus, both right wings and both left wings form a single flying surface.
Where do the hornets live?
The largest part of the Hornet habitat is in the Northern Hemisphere.
However, this insect is not only found there. Hornet live in North America, Europe and Russia (except the Far North), Asia and North Africa. Insects are found in northern and eastern China, Kazakhstan, Laos, Indochina, Taiwan and Cambodia, Nepal, India, Vietnam and Sri Lanka, Thailand, China, Korea and mountainous regions of Japan, Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Sudan and Somalia. Hornets live in Ukraine, Iran, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, Afghanistan and Turkey, Italy, Spain, France, Greece, Albania, Romania, Greece, Cyprus, Madagascar, Bulgaria and other countries.
By constructing rather large multilevel nests, which resemble slightly corrugated, rough paper by touch and texture, the hornets attach them in hollows, in abandoned birdhouses, in deadwood bushes, in attics of residential buildings, under the roofs of sheds, in dry caves, on steep cliffs or simply hang them from tree branches. Nest colors can be be beige, brown, yellowish-brown, with dark red, purple or brown marks and stripes (depending on the species of insect). The shape of the Hornet’s nests resembles a pear, an oval or a big ball. The size of the nest can reach about 70 cm in height and more than 40 cm in width.
The nests of these insects are often called paper nests because the principle of their creation is similar to the production of paper. The building material is made up of fibres of precocious, soft wood or bark from young twigs, which are carefully chewed and glued with their sticky saliva. The insects then apply this mass to the nest in a thin layer. Once dry, it hardens and becomes a loose-looking paper. This material is very similar to rough wrapping paper, on which you can even write in pencil. The poor (from a human point of view) quality of this paper is explained by the fact that hornets, as well as wasps, use rotten wood and wood bark for construction.