Yoga SVG (virgin योग, IAST: yoga) – a concept in Indian culture, in a broad sense meaning a set of different spiritual, mental and physical practices developed in different directions of Hinduism and Buddhism and aimed at managing the mental and physiological functions of the body in order to achieve an individual’s sublime spiritual and mental state. In a narrower sense, yoga is one of the six orthodox schools (darshan) of Hindu philosophy.
The main areas of yoga are raja Yoga SVG, karma yoga, jnana yoga, bhakti yoga and hatha yoga. In the context of Hindu philosophy, yoga refers to the system of raja yoga set out in Patanjali’s Yoga Sutras, which is closely linked to the fundamental principles of sanctions. Yoga is discussed in various writings of Hinduism, such as the Vedas, the Upanishads, Bhagavadgita, Hatha Yoga Radipica, Shiva Samhita and Tantra. The ultimate goal of yoga can be quite different: from improving physical health to achieving moksha. Outside India, the term “yoga” is often associated only with hatha yoga and its asanas – physical exercises that do not reflect the spiritual and spiritual aspects of yoga. Whoever studies and practices yoga is called yoga or yoga.
In 2016, UNESCO, noting the significant impact on many aspects of Indian society in the fields of health, medicine, education and the arts, included yoga in a representative list of the intangible cultural heritage of humanity.
Yoga SVG History
The history of Yoga SVG goes back to ancient times. Several seals, found in the valley of the Indus River and belonging to the period of the Indian civilization (3300-1700 BC), depict figures in meditative or yogic poses. These archeological findings indicate the possibility that the population of Harappa civilization practiced an ancient form of yoga or a related ritual. It is believed that yoga evolved from the ascetic practices (tapas) of the Vedic religion, which are mentioned in the early commentaries to the Vedas-Brahmanakh (dating from the 10th to 6th centuries BC). In Brahman, in particular, in “Shatapatha Brahman”, there are ideas of unity of mind, body and soul with the Absolute.
The main source, which reflects the development of the concept of yoga, are the so-called “middle” Upanishads (dated VI century BC), “Mahabharata” and “Bhagavad-gita”, as well as “Yoga-sutra” Patanjali (II century BC). In “Yoga Sutras” yoga was first described as one of the schools (“darshan”) of Hindu philosophy. This early school of yoga retrospectively became famous under the retro name of raja yoga in order to distinguish it from other, later schools.