Swimming SVG is a sport or sports discipline, which consists in overcoming swimming for the least time of various distances. At the same time, in an underwater position, the current rules now allow swimming not more than 15 m after the start or turn (in brass swimming, such a restriction is formulated differently); speed scuba diving refers not to swimming, but to underwater sports.
Swimming is also an integral part of modern pentathlon (200 m swimming), triathlon (various open water distances) and some applied multisport events.
Swimming SVG History
Drawings on archaeological finds testify that people in Ancient Egypt, Assyria, Phoenicia and many other countries were able to swim a few millennia before Christ, and the ways of swimming known to them resembled the modern rabbit and brother. At that time, navigation was purely applied in fishing, waterfowl hunting, underwater fishing, and military activities. In ancient Greece swimming became an important means of physical education.
The first Swimming SVG competitions date back to the turn of the XV-XVI centuries (so, in 1515, swimming competitions were held in Venice). The first sports organization of swimmers appeared in England in 1869 (“Association of the England Swimming Fans”), followed by similar organizations in Sweden (1882), Germany, Hungary (1886), France (1887), the Netherlands, the United States (1888), New Zealand (1890), Russia (1894), Italy, Austria (1899) … The growth of popularity of sports swimming at the end of the XIX century is associated with the beginning of construction of artificial swimming pools.
In 1889, major international competitions were held in Vienna with the participation of athletes from several European countries, and then they began to be held regularly and were called the “European Championship”. In 1896, swimming was included in the program of the first Olympic Games, and since then has always been part of the Olympic program.
Before the 1908 Olympic Games, FINA developed and approved the “FINA Rules”, which included a list of courses to be used in competitions, the order of acquisition and conduct of swimmings, the order of registration of world records. At the same time, the first world records in swimming were registered, the earliest of which was the result of Zoltan Halmai in the 100 m freestyle (1.05.8), shown on December 3, 1905 in Vienna.