Mandarin SVG (lat. Citrus reticulata) – evergreen flowering plant and its fruit. Mandarins belong to the class of dicotyledon, sapindocolor, rut family, genus citrus.
The word “mandarin” has Spanish roots: mondar in Spanish means “peel the skin”, and the pulp of mandarin, compared to other citruses, easily departs from the skin. The Spanish gave this fruit the name mandarino, after which the word got into the Russian language.
Mandarin SVG – description, description. How do mandarins grow?
Mandarin – is an evergreen tree, reaching a height of 4 meters, although the height of a 30-year-old tree can reach up to 5 m, and the yield may be from 5 to 7 thousand fruits.
Mandarin has a rather sprawling, rounded crown, which can be more than 3.5 meters in diameter. The bark of the mandarin tree is light grey and the young shoots are dark green. Mandarin leaves are small, leathery, pointed or ovate, and do not change their color during the season. Each leaf lives about 4 years.
Mandarin SVG flowers are more often solitary or collected in pairs and are located in the leaf sinuses. The tree blossoms from April to early summer, when the tree looks particularly beautiful: the crown of tangerine is wrapped in a cloud of white or cream blossoms, producing a bright, pleasant aroma, something like the smell of bergamot.
Mandarins are self-propelled plants and pollinated with their own pollen, resulting in a lot of ovaries, and begin to develop fruits. Mandarin is a fairly fast-growing tree, and gives the first harvest for 3-4 years after planting. The first growth of shoots falls on the beginning of spring, the second wave of growth begins in the middle of August. Fruit formation occurs on the second last year’s growth or on the first current year. Mandarins ripen in October, and in December the harvest is fully harvested. Thus, tangerines grow and bear fruit within 7 months.
Mandarin SVG differs from other citruses in its thin, easily separated orange peel, and a number of varieties of skins and pulp are separated by an air layer and practically do not touch each other.
The size of mandarin fruits is from 4 to 6 cm in diameter, and thanks to the flattened shape of the fruit width significantly exceeds its height. Each fruit of mandarin consists of several nests – lobules, usually 10-12, each containing 1-2 seeds. Some varieties of tangerines do not contain any seeds.
The structure of yellow orange tangerine pulp is similar to many citrus flesh (orange, lemon, orange) and is represented by numerous juicy bags – filled with juice spindle-shaped hairs. This structure is called hesperidium, one of the forms of berry fruit.
With one plant a year get about 600-800 fruits, with the age of fruiting becomes more abundant. On average, the mandarin tree lives about 70 years.