Mandala SVG (Sanskrit मण्डल, maṇḍala IAST – circle, disk; tib. དཀྱིལ་འཁོར, Wiley dkyil ‘khor; Mongolian mandala?, ᠮᠠᠨᠳᠠᠯ?) – Mandala is a closed geometric system with equally distant elements from the central point.
It is also a sacred schematic representation or construction used in Buddhist and Hindu religious and esoteric practices.
Mandala SVG symbols in Buddhism
The Mandala SVG symbolizes the sphere of deities, the pure land of the Buddhas. In principle, the mandala – a geometric symbol of a complex structure, which is interpreted as a model of the universe, the “map of space”. The typical shape is the outer circle, inscribed in it a square, in which an inner circle is inscribed, which is often segmented or has the form of a lotus. The outer circle is the universe, the inner circle is the dimension of deities, bodhisattvas, buddhas. The square between them is oriented on the sides of the world has on each side T-shaped exits as a gate to the universe. The square is divided into 4 parts. The fifth part is the center. Each of the parts has its own color. Color is associated with the sides of the world, with one of the Buddhas, senses, wisdom, mantra.
As the mandala corresponds with calendar and chronological schemes.
Mandals can be both two-dimensional, represented on a plane, and volume, relief. They are embroidered on fabrics, drawn on sand, executed with colored powders and made of metal, stone, wood, dough. It can even be cut out of oil, which is painted in the appropriate ritual colors. Mandalas are often depicted on the floors, walls and ceilings of temples. Mandala is so sacred in the East that it is drawn to the accompaniment of special rituals and can be considered an object of worship.
Some of the mandalas are made of colored powders to perform certain ritual practices (e.g., in the dedication of Kalachakra). By the end of the ritual, the mandala is destroyed.
As, under the mandala scheme Hindu temples and Vedic altars were erected. Mandalas used for consecration of Hindu temples, theaters, in Buddhism for consecration in monks. Chanakia (Kautilla) in the treatise “Arthashastra” mentions creation of a mandala of the state which was used for political purposes.
Carl Gustav Jung identified the mandala as an archetypal symbol of human perfection – now used in psychotherapy as a means of achieving a complete understanding of one’s own self. In India, a similar art, the sparrows or alpone, is preserved.