Love SVG is a person’s intrinsic feeling, deep attachment and aspiration to another person or object, a feeling of deep sympathy.
Love SVG is also considered as a philosophical category, in the form of a subjective attitude, an intimate selective feeling, aimed at the subject of love. Love is the most important subjective indicator of happiness. The opposite of love is called hate.
Love SVG is one of the fundamental and common themes in world culture and art. Discussion about love and its analysis as a phenomenon go back to the most ancient philosophical systems and literary monuments known to people.
The origins and evolution of the concept of love
In the history of religions, love has been given priority twice: as a wild, spontaneous force of sexual desire, in pagan phallism (still preserved in some places in the form of organized religious communities, such as the Indian Sactists with their scriptures, tantra, for example), and then, in contrast, as the ideal beginning of spiritual and social unity – in Christian agape (Greek: άγάπη).
Naturally, the concept has been prominent in the history of philosophy in various systems. For the Empedocles, love (Greek φιλια) was one of the two beginnings of the universe, namely the beginning of world unity and integrity (integration), the metaphysical law of gravity and centripetal motion. Plato’s love is the demonic (connecting the earthly world with the divine) aspiration of the final being to the perfect completeness of being and the resulting “creativity in beauty”. This aesthetic meaning of love was left unattended in patriotic and scholastic philosophy. Plato in his treatise “Pier” introduces a significant formulation about the relationship between love and knowledge. Love is a process of continuous movement. Platonic eros is an eros of knowledge.
According to Aristotle, the purpose of love is friendship, not sensual attraction. Aristotle proposed to define the concept of love as follows: “To love means to wish someone what you think is good for him (that is, for this other person), not for yourself, and to try to deliver these benefits to him as much as you can.
Sufi philosophers and writers of Persia and the Arab East during the Middle Ages gave a different meaning to the concept. Thus, in the poetry of Omar Khayyam and Alisher Navoi, love in the spirit of Sufi tradition is identified with wine. Wine poured into a vessel, i.e. into a mortal human shell, fills people with a spiritual component, dialectically introducing the concept of love for God. Nevertheless, the existence of God was not in itself a mandatory attribute. And the direction, the vector of love, could have different meanings.
In the Middle Ages, we find in Dante a peculiar fusion of Christian and platonic ideas about this subject. The applicability of the concept of Love SVG (amor) to God is also confirmed by Thomas Aquinas, who has not only passion (passio), but also the first “will movement” (motus voluntatis), as it implies consciousness and goodness. As far as human beings are concerned, Thomas distinguishes in love between friendship (amicitia) and lust (concupiscentia). One of the consequences of love, in his opinion, is jealousy (zelus). At the same time, there is also virtuous love (caritas), which is understood as a connection with the good. In general, in the Middle Ages, love was a subject of religious mysticism, on the one hand (Victorine, Bernard Clervossky and especially Bonaventure in his works “Stimulus amoris”, “Incendium amoris”, “Amatorium”), and a special kind of poetry on the other hand; this poetry, which spread throughout Europe, was dedicated to the cult of a woman and idealized sexual love in the sense of the harmonious connection of all three of its elements: reverence, pity and shame.
During the Renaissance period, the Neo-Platonist movement began to develop through the writings of Marcio Ficino, Francesco Cattani, Giordano Bruno and others. This love philosophy is based on the doctrine of beauty. The nature of love is the desire for beauty. This concept connects ethics and aesthetics and has a significant impact on Renaissance art.
In the Baroque period, Benedict Spinoza defined “Love is pleasure accompanied by the idea of an external cause” (Amor est Laetitia concomitante idea causae externae). Spinoza identifies love with absolute knowledge (amor Dei intellectualis) and asserted that philosophy is nothing but to love God.
In the new philosophy, it is worth noting Schopenhauer’s theory of sexual love (“Metaphysik der Liebe” in “Parerga u. Paral.”). Schopenhauer explains the individualization of this passion in man by the fact that the will of life (German Wille zum Leben) here seeks not only to immortalize the genus (as in animals), but also to work perhaps the most perfect specimens of the genus, so if this man passionately loves this woman (and vice versa), it means that he is able to produce the best offspring with her in these conditions.
In the 20th century, the relationship between love and sexuality was the basis of Sigmund Freud’s work. Love according to Freud is an irrational concept from which spirituality is excluded. Love in the theory of sublimation, developed by Freud, is reduced to primitive sexuality, which is one of the main stimuli for human development.
Subsequently, attempts were made to develop Freudian theory and to move from a pure biological description to a social and cultural component as the basis of the phenomenon. This new direction, born in the U.S., was called neo-Freudianism. Psychoanalyst Erich Fromm is considered one of the leaders of neo-Freudianism.
In January 2009, scientists at the Stony Brook Institute (New York, USA) brought the scientific basis for the existence of “eternal love”: they came to the conclusion that the level of dopamine (the hormone of pleasure in life) is the same for old-timers of love, and for those who have just fallen in love. However, they did not take into account the level of oxytocin, which is responsible for attachment, and its level changes over time.