Learning SVG – relatively constant changes in behavior resulting from practice – the interaction of the body with the environment; acquisition of knowledge, skills and abilities. People, animals and some machines have the ability to learn; there is also evidence of some learning in some plants. The nature and processes involved in learning are studied in many areas, including pedagogical psychology, neuropsychology, experimental psychology and pedagogy.
Jet Learning SVG
Reactive learning, which produces new reactions to stimuli. This is a passive form of learning: to acquire new reactions, a living being does not perform any actions over the environment.
The easiest way to learn. The main forms of reactive learning: addiction and sensitization, imprinting, classical conditioning.
Learning SVG Operational conditioning
An operational learning process that develops new actions over the environment.
This is the formation of operational (instrumental) conditional reflexes – active actions (operations) aimed at achieving the goal. The two main types of learning are trial and error and social learning.
Learning SVG Cognitive learning
This is the most complex and perfect form of learning, in which a living being learns to first act on the mental model of reality, and then transfer the results to reality.
Imagine a maze leading to the feeder; this maze is first split into left and right branches, and then both branches converge. If the rat is accustomed to run to the feeder on the left branch, and then close it, the rat, stumbling upon a partition, suddenly turns and runs on the right branch, without any preliminary tests and errors. In other words, in the process of learning, under the influence of a stream of conscious and unconscious stimuli, the brain forms a “map of the terrain” – the so-called cognitive map. In the broad sense of the word cognitive map can be understood not only as a purely topographical scheme of terrain, but any model of reality, over which mental actions are performed. A classic example is a monkey with narrow and wide tubes in her cage, and a banana lies one and a half meters away from the cage; the monkey unsuccessfully tries to get it first by hand, then by separate tubes, then stops for a while (“thinking”) and suddenly inserts one tube into another and gets a banana – and she has never done it before.