Knitting SVG – the process of making a cloth or articles (usually clothing or interior items) from one or more threads by bending them into loops and connecting loops with each other using simple tools, manually (knitting hook, needle, needle, fork, or just on fingers) or on a special machine (mechanical knitting). Knitting, as a technique, is a type of weaving.
Knitted socks found in the Coptic tombs date back to the IV-V centuries, the oldest (III century, the era of Prato-Nasca) knitted items of the New World are found in Peru. The high quality of things from the graves of the Copts allows us to believe that the knitting technique was known much earlier. In 1867, William Felkin put forward a hypothesis that knitting was known during the Trojan War. According to Felkin, the apparel that Penelope’s “Odyssey” heroine dissolved every night did not actually weave, but knitted, because only in the latter case, the loose thread is not deformed, and the process takes some time. Felkin’s use of the term “weaving” in the Odyssey was explained by the inaccuracy of the translation and the mistakes of the scribes. Images on ancient Greek vases of captured Trojans in narrow, clinging trousers, give grounds to some researchers to assert that the Greeks knew Knitting SVG. It is possible that the prophet Daniel, depicted in the Kell book (ca. 800), is dressed in narrow trousers (a prototype of modern leggings), bound by the pattern of Aranus.
In Scandinavia, during the Viking Age, the technique called needle-knitting was practiced in Russia at the end of the 20th century. A more time-consuming form of creation of a cloth with a wooden or bone needle, which, unlike knitwear, tied with a hook or spokes, is impossible to dissolve by pulling the tip of a thread. This technique was preserved in the Russian North until the beginning of the 20th century under the original name of “digging”. Archaeological finds of fragments of things made in this technique from England (Coppergate), Finland (Kokomaki), Germany (Mammen), Norway (Oslo), Russia (Novgorod) date back to the X-XI centuries. There are about thirty ways of knitting with a needle. Only small items made in this technique (mittens, socks, headbands) were found during excavations. Scientists explain this fact by the fact that knitting with a needle is a slow process, large products do not look as advantageous as woven ones, and the working thread was rather short, and we had to make many connections, which reduced the strength of the fabric. The tradition of knitting with a needle was preserved in areas with a harsh climate until the end of the 20th century.
In central and southern Europe the art of Knitting SVG revived in the XIII century. Gloves and pillowcases knitted with silk threads were found in the tombs of princes of the de la Serda family in Santa Maria la Real de Julgas. And the density of knitted pillowcases is comparable to the density of modern knitwear machine knitting – about twenty loops per inch.
Knitting SVG stockings was widespread in Spain in the 16th century, when the fashion for knitted gloves came. The first guild of knitters was founded in Paris in 1527. The knitting machine for stockings was invented in England by the priest William Lee in 1589. However, initially, it did not become widespread because of the thick knitting needles, the canvas was rough. Technology at the time did not allow for thin needles for knitting on a machine.