Kansas SVG is a state in the central part of the USA, one of the states of the Midwest. Population – 2 871 238 people (2011). The capital is the city of Topeka. The largest city is Wichita. The state is also called the “breadbasket of America”: it leads the states in wheat growing. The state flower is sunflower, the state tree is poplar. The motto is “Through the thorns to the stars” (lat. Ad astra per aspera). In the Indian language of Kansas, the name of the state means “southern wind people”. The state, most of which is occupied by the Great Plains, borders Nebraska in the north, Missouri in the east, Oklahoma in the south, and Colorado in the west. The largest rivers in the Missouri and Arkansas region belong to the basin of the largest river in North America, the Mississippi.
Kansas SVG History
In 1541, in the future of Kansas, the Spanish conquistador Francisco Vasquez de Coronado appeared, unsuccessfully looking for the mythical “seven Lusitan cities” in these parts.
In the XVII century in the eastern regions of the future of Kansas from the territory of the present states of Kentucky and Missouri resettled the peoples of Kansas (Kau) and Axeidge, and in the west of the region came to flee from New Mexico under pressure from the Spanish colonizers, a few Zuni Indians (better known as Pueblo).
In the years 1681-1682, the French Norman Norman Robert Cavellier de la Salproplex through Kansas SVG down the Mississippi.
In the 18th century, French researchers Etienne Veniard de Bourgmont (1724) and others visited the site. The French founded Fort de Cavagnal, which became the westernmost fortress of the Louisiana colony. His commandant was François Coulon de Villiers, brother of Louis Coulomb de Villiers, who forced George Washington to surrender himself during the Seven Years’ War. In 1763, after the end of the Seven Years’ War, the lands of Louisiana (including Kansas) came under Spanish control. The French left Fort de Cavagnal after Louisiana’s concessions to the Spaniards. France regained the colony of Louisiana only at the turn of the XVIII-XIX centuries, but in 1803 Napoleon I sold it to the United States of America.
In June 1804, the Lewis and Clark expeditions, the first American explorers to visit the region, passed through Kansas SVG. Stephen Harriman Long visited the region in 1819.
Under a treaty signed in 1819 between the United States and Spain (known as the “Treaty of Adams – Onisa”), the southwestern part of Kansas (south of the Arkansas River) fell back to Spanish Mexico and became American again only after the end of the 1848 American-Mexican War.
Founded in 1827, Fort Lievenworth was the first long-term stronghold of white Americans in Kansas.
In 1832, 687 Wyandot Indians from Ohio moved to Kansas. The Vayandot settlement appeared here. In 1853 the Kansas Indians became citizens of the USA. On July 26, 1853, Vayandot William Walker was elected governor of Nebraska (including Kansas): he was given the votes of both Indian and white Kansas. Walker and his voters lobbied for the passage of the Pacific Kansas line.
When the Kansas-Nebraska Act (May 30, 1854) officially opened the territory of Kansas to mass migration, there was a struggle between the North and the South (sometimes bloody) for the free state or slave state status of Kansas.
January 29, 1861 Kansas became the 34th state of the United States. In the years leading up to the Civil War, Kansas became the arena of the fiercest struggle of supporters and opponents of slavery. The construction of railways after the Civil War made Abilene and Dodge City large cattle loading stations, driven from Texas.