The pen is the main element of the pen writing unit, regardless of its type and design. The pen is a curved plate (sometimes a set of plates is sometimes quite complex), which includes three main structural parts:
1. one (in Feather SVG) or two (in musical feathers) capillary slots for even ink supply to the end of the writing process;
2. elements (in the form of notches, notches, cuts and punches) designed to retain some ink reserve;
3. a writing end to which capillary cuts converge, characterized by a certain shape and size, allowing for a long time to put an ink trace of a given width, shape and intensity on the writing material.
The technical features of the pen, which have a significant influence on the ink trail parameters, such as the number, width and profile of capillary slots, the shape and size of the writing end are specified during the pen manufacturing process and can be only slightly corrected by bending and resharpening of the writing end. At the same time, strokes of different widths and intensities can be performed within certain limited limits by changing the pressure on the pen and the direction of the pen.
The pen is often referred to as a fountain pen and a pen equipped with a pen.
The origin of the name is due to the fact that before the introduction of fountain pens people used to write large feathers of birds, properly prepared and sharpened. Such feathers can still be used for special purposes, for example, in the fine arts.
Allegorically, the pen can be understood as any writing tool in general, for example: “The bayonet was equated with a feather.”
Feather SVG Materials
Before the appearance of metal feathers and fountain pens, feathers of various birds were used. Moreover, the feathers of waterfowl and, first of all, geese, became the most popular. This is due to the highest wall strength and rod diameter among other easily accessible feathers of birds.
In the Middle Ages, Venetian glassmakers made feathers out of glass. Glass feathers differed from classical feathers in that they had no slots or holes. The feather was a cone with many furrows, spirally converging to the writing tip. Ink was held in the furrows by wetting forces.
Modern feathers are made mainly of metal, occasionally of plastic. Steel and gold feathers are the most widespread. There are modern models of pens equipped with titanium or platinum feathers. Calligraphy and other artistic feathers can be made of bronze, bird feathers, split wooden, bamboo and cane plates. It is believed that the pen material also defines the peculiarities of writing. Thus, the softest feathers on the letter are considered to be the feathers made of 14- or 18-carat gold (the designations on the feathers are 14K and 18K, respectively), the most elastic are titanium and bronze feathers, and the hardest are steel feathers. Steel feathers are often covered with a thin layer of gold (typical designation: 22KGP, 23KGP), silver, platinum, palladium or rhodium.
The feathers are often stamped or engraved with the manufacturer’s logos and other patterns. Gilding, silvering, nickel plating, surfacing of platinum, osmium and iridium alloys are used. The feathers of the representative class may contain inlay of precious metals and stones.