Playing Cards SVG – rectangular sheets of cardboard or thin plastic used for card games, as well as tricks, fortune-telling and other.
A set of cards to play is called a deck of cards. Each card on one side, called a face, indicates its value, the other side (shirt) is the same for all cards of the deck. For the majority of modern games the usual (French) deck or its cut-off variant is used. For many games are used special decks, among these games are the collector’s card games.
The first decks
The first playing cards appeared in East Asia. In China and Korea, the cards were already mentioned in the XII century. There are also earlier references to the Tang Dynasty’s elongated sheets, which date back to the ninth-century Tang Dynasty (618-907). Before the appearance of the Paper Cards SVG, the Chinese and Japanese used flat elongated wooden, bamboo, or even ivory plates. Spread across different cultures, the decks took on different shapes and shapes. In India, round cards called ganjeef were played. In medieval Japan, during the Shogunate era, a card game called Utaharuta was widespread, using mussel shells as a deck, depicting scenes of everyday life, seasons, and poetry.
Cards SVG in Europe
There’s no exact data on how the cards got to Europe. It is assumed that the path of distribution of playing cards was as follows: China – India – Persia – Egypt – Europe. For a long time “import” through Arab countries, as well as the participation of Muslims in the development of card games, denied. However, it was later established that the followers of Islam not only played card games, but also created their own deck. In fact, Arabs (or, more precisely, Arab merchants and sailors) were usually the usual intermediaries for borrowing from China. Mameluke cards resembled Tarot in many respects: 56 junior arcana and 22 senior trumps were divided into 4 suits – Swords, Posokhi, Cups and Pentacles (also known as Discs and Coins). The prohibition of the Koran on the image of people mameluki observed and consequently put on cards only strict geometrical ornaments – arabesques.
The first mentions of playing cards in territory of Europe concern to XIV century. There is a record in the chronicle of the city of Bern from 1367, reporting the prohibition of cards. In 1370 the word naipes (playing cards) appeared in the Spanish book with verses. Since 1377, there has been an increase in the number of times cards are mentioned (most often in connection with prohibitions). The most extensive story was written that year by a monk in Freiburg. Already in the middle of the XVI century English aristocrats are not embarrassed by the presence of the grand portrait of playing cards, as evidenced by the painting of the Master Countess Warwick (?) “Portrait of Edward Windsor, the 3rd Baron of Windsor, his wife, Catherine de Vere, and their families,” relating to 1568. Each figure in the maps is believed to represent a particular historical character: