The Camel SVG is a large mammal that belongs to the placental infraclass, the Laurasiatheria, the pair of ungulates, the corns, the camel family, and the Camelus family (lat. Camelus).
In a number of foreign languages the word “camel” sounds by analogy with its Latin name: in English the camel is called camel, the French call it chameau, the Germans call it Kamel, and the Spaniards call it camello.
The origin of the Russian-language animal name has two versions. According to one of them, in the Gothic language the camel was called “ulbandus”, but, interestingly, the name refers to an elephant. And the confusion arose from the fact that people who called such a large animal, never saw either elephants or camels. Then the Slavs adopted the word, and the “ulbandus” turned into a “camel”. A more plausible version identifies the name of the animal with its Kalmyk name “burgud”. But no one doubts the fact that the camel is a real desert ship that traverses hundreds of kilometers across the boundless sandy expanses.
A Camel SVG – description
A camel is an animal that is quite large: the average height in the withers of an adult is about 210-230 cm, and the weight of the camel reaches 300-700 kg. Particularly large individuals weigh more than a ton. The body length is 250-360 cm for two-horned camels and 230-340 cm for single-horned camels. Males are always larger than females.
Anatomy and physiology of these mammals is a bright indicator of adaptability to life in harsh and arid conditions. The camel has a strong, dense body, a long U-shaped curved neck and a rather narrow, elongated skull. The animal’s ears are small and rounded, sometimes almost completely drowned in thick fur.
Large Camel SVG eyes are protected from sand, sun and wind by thick, long eyelashes. The flashing eardrum, the third eyelid, protects the animal’s eyes from sand and wind. The nozzles are in the form of narrow alkalis, which are able to close tightly, preventing moisture loss and protecting them during sandstorms.
There are 34 teeth in a camel’s mouth. Animal lips are coarse and fleshy, adapted to tear down thorns and hard vegetation. The upper lip is split.
On the chest, wrists, elbows and knees of domestic animals there are large calluses allowing the mammal to sink painlessly and lie on the hot ground. Wild animals have no calluses on their elbows or knees. Each leg of the camel ends in a split foot with a certain resemblance of a claw on a calloused pillow. Double-legged feet are ideal for moving around stony and sandy landscapes.
The camel’s tail is short enough and is about 50-58 cm in relation to the body. At the end of the tail grows a brush formed by a bunch of long hair.
The Camel SVG have a thick and dense woollen cover, which prevents evaporation of moisture in the heat and warms up on cold nights. Camel hair is slightly curly, and its color can be very diverse: from light to dark brown and almost black. On the back of the neck of the animals there are paired glands that secrete a special smelly secret, with which the camels mark their territory, bending their necks and wiping against rocks and soil.
Contrary to popular belief, the camel’s hump contains not water, but fat. For example, the hump of a two-horned camel contains up to 150 kg of fat. The hump protects the back of the animals from overheating and is a reservoir for energy reserves. There are 2 closely related Camel SVG species: single-horned and two-humped, respectively, with 1 or 2 humpbacked humpback, which is based on evolutionary development, as well as some differences in living conditions.
Camel SVG fluid is stored in the gastric scar tissue, so they can withstand prolonged dehydration. The structure of the blood cells of camels is such that with prolonged dehydration, when another mammal would have died long ago, their blood does not thicken. Camels can live without water for a couple of weeks, and without food they can live for about a month. The erythrocytes of these animals are not round but oval, which is a rare exception in mammals. Without access to water for a long time, a camel can lose up to 40% of its weight. If an animal loses 100 kg in a week, it will quench its thirst for 10 minutes after receiving water. In total, the camel will drink more than 100 litres of water at a time and replenish the lost 100 kg of weight, literally before our eyes.
All camels have excellent eyesight: they can see a person per kilometer and a moving car per 3-5 km. Animals have an excellent sense of smell: they feel the water source at a distance of 40-60 km, easily feel the approach of thunderstorms and go where the rains will pass.
Despite the fact that most of these mammals have never seen large reservoirs, camels can swim well, slightly tilting the body aside. A camel runs on a foreigner’s foot, and the speed of the camel can reach 23.5 km/h. Some wild haptagai individuals can accelerate up to 65 km/h.