The English Bulldog SVG is a short-haired breed of dog like mastiffs. The standard defines the breed as a bodyguard dog or companion by method of use. Modern English bulldogs were bred in the second half of the 19th century, based on the Old English Bulldog, a pickling dog breed that is now extinct. The English Bulldog SVG has a strong personality and is considered the national dog of England, embodying features often attributed to a “true gentleman”: thoroughness, serenity, conservatism, some phlegmaticity, on the one hand, and aristocracy, respectability, combined with impassionedness and rough elegance, on the other. Bulldog maintenance requires a great deal of responsibility, as the breed, having turned from a fighter breed into a decorative breed, has lost its working qualities and become very vulnerable. This fact is often noted by critics of the breed, attempts are made to recreate the original Old English Bulldog, but the International Cynological Federation has not yet recognized these experiments.
The history of the Bulldog SVG
Bulldogs appeared in England and were used as pickling dogs in “bloody sport”, mainly in bull-batting – bull-batting. Actually, that’s where the name of the breed came from – the bulldog.
The exact timing of the breed is unknown. John Caius, in his first ever cynological work entitled “Of English Dogs” (1576), describes many of his modern breeds, but does not mention bulldogs. Apparently, the breed hasn’t been formed yet. At the same time, Dr. Caius describes a breed called Mastive/Bandogge. These dogs are huge, stubborn, angry and energetic. They are very massive and ideal for “grabbing the bull’s ear and holding it,” no matter how wild and angry he is. It should be noted that mastiffs (“mastiffs”) have long been called all large dogs without exception, and “bandages” – all chain dogs.
It can be clearly stated that the British singled out “bulldogs” among the other “mastiffs” in the beginning of the XVII century. The play “Epicœne, or The Silent Woman, 1609” by poet and playwright Ben Johnson mentions both Bull-dogs and bears. By 1631, the surviving letter of a certain Prestwich Eaton, which he, while in San Sebastian, sent to his friend in London, with a request to send him “a good mausoleum, a box of the best drink and a couple of good bulldogs, but sooner.
The famous French naturalist Buffon, on the contrary, believed that the bulldog was the ancestor of the mastiff, not the other way around.
In 1799, there is a mention of a Bulldog SVG among hunting dogs, in which bulldogs and mastiffs are recommended for hunting wild boars. Following this, the illustrator Sydenham Edwards in his “Cynographia Britannica” (1800) gives a very picturesque description of the bulldog and reports that this dog is derived from the crossing of a large mastiff with a pug (Pug Dog). The classic of literature about the Bailey S. Haines bulldogs specifies that Edwards did not mean “the French pug, but what is known as a small or German mastiff, came from Holland and Germany”:16. It’s not quite clear what kind of dogs Haynes means. Pugs were brought to Europe, most likely from China, only at the end of the XVI century, and this breed is unlikely to claim the title of the ancestor of the bulldog.
In 1886, M. B. Wynn in his book “The History of the Mastiff” suggested that the common ancestor of the bulldog and mastiff was the so-called British combat dog (Latin Pugnaces Britanniae), which the British raised and even sold to other countries in the I. A. C., and which mentioned the Greek historian Strabo.:IV,V,II:40
At present, the majority of specialists are inclined to believe that bulldogs are related to mastiffs and, apparently, have a common ancestor – Alan. Alans were dog-shaped dogs, and in turn, came from the molosses and greyhounds. Alans got their name from the name of the Sarmatian tribe that inhabited the mountains of the Caucasus, where these dogs were bred.