A Bow SVG is a throwing weapon designed to fire arrows. To shoot, the shooter pulls on the bowstring, thus storing energy in the bent arc of the bow, and then releases the bowstring, and the bow, quickly unbending, converts the stored potential energy into the kinetic energy of a fast-flying arrow.
The range of the boom depends on the construction of the Bow SVG, the bowstring tension and the weather; on average, it is up to 250 meters for a sky boom.
Over time, the bow evolved into a crossbow (around the 4th century BC), which did not require much skill or strength to fire. In the Late Middle Ages, it was gradually replaced by firearms, although bow and crossbow were used along with it for a long time.
The bows are divided into simple and composite bows, but all of them are arches with arrow throwing bows. Simple ones were made from a single piece of wood of the most suitable tree species up to 1.5 m long (maximum known length is 2.2 m). Composite (otherwise composite) onions were shorter, made of different materials: horns (inner part), wood (middle part) and glued tendons of animals (outer side). This means that when the onion length is reduced, the necessary flexibility, elasticity and power are achieved.
Bow SVG History
It is possible that the oldest stone arrowheads, about 64,000 years old, were found in the Sibudu cave (according to South African scientists in August 2010). Their analysis, carried out by a team of researchers from the University of Johannesburg, found the presence of traces of glue on a vegetable basis to fix the tip on a wooden stick. The bow and arrows are also known from the Svider culture (10 thousand years ago). By the 19th century, the only regions where people would not yet be familiar with such weapons were Australia and Oceania. (During the discussion of McCarthy’s report at the Australian Aboriginal Studies Symposium (Canberra, May 1961), D.F. Thomson drew attention to the fact that the tribes of Cape York, although familiar with the bow and arrows of neighboring Torres Strait Islander warriors, did not borrow them, believing that the bow and arrows were worse than their battle copies.)
It’s impossible to say anything specific about the origin of onions. Probably, its use for throwing arrows was preceded by some economic use of a curved stick. Findings dating back to about 15 thousand years are known, in form similar to wooden bows, but by the quality of the wood are obviously unsuitable for shooting. Maybe they were part of a fire apparatus. When people became more familiar with the properties of the tree, they were able to give the stick the necessary elasticity and combined this invention with the light darts that already existed at that time.
With regard to poisoned arrows, very few peoples had poisons suitable for this purpose. The famous curare poison (safe to wear when arrows are worn, acts instantly, when heated decomposes) was known only to some South American tribes.
In addition to the Amazon, some dangerous poisons could sometimes be found in the equatorial forests of Africa and South-East Asia. Most often, a “poisoned savage arrow” meant simply infecting the wound, which is difficult to avoid in the tropics.
The oldest period
Arrows with a stone tip weighed up to 50 g. Arrows with bone tip weighed no more than 25 g. The main advantages of the bow from the point of view of the hunter were its lightness (you can carry a lot of shells) and the possibility of covert use. The shot could have been fired from a variety of positions. It took a little space. The shooter could only give out the squeaky thetives. A piñata and boomerang could only work in open space and standing up.
The penetrating force of the boom over long distances is unsatisfactory. But at close enough distances, the arrow could have pierced the animal. By firing an arrow from a few meters to a certain point and at the right angle, it could hit any animal. The bow became the hunter’s universal weapon.
Bow SVG Antiquity and the Middle Ages
In antiquity and the Middle Ages, bows remained the main type of throwing weapon and underwent a number of significant improvements. In particular, instead of light arrows with stone and bone tips, heavy arrows with metal tips were used, and the construction of the bow itself became more complicated, thus achieving greater power of the weapon.
A simple straight bow. It was used by the peoples of Europe and Asia from the Mesolithic to the 16th century. During the Hundred Years’ War, the English long bow played a decisive role in the defeat of the French (the Battle of Crécy in 1346, the Battle of Poitiers in 1356 and the Battle of Azencore in 1415).
The next stage in the development of this type of weapon was a multi-layered (reinforced) bow, known to many peoples in Asia and Europe. The best quality and most common, however, were compounded onions made of tendons, wood and horns (sometimes other materials could be used), and appeared for the first time in Egypt around the 2nd millennium B.C. Later, in Turkey and China, the construction of onions was improved by the introduction of metal arc weights.
The wars with the Parthian kingdom contributed to the spread of composite onions in the Roman Empire, which was used, however, mainly by auxiliary troops or for hunting.
The composite bow converted the tension energy into the kinetic energy of the arrow with the greatest efficiency, even without weighting agents, communicating to the projectile, at the same time as the wooden bow tension, by 30% more energy. Having a significantly higher strength with equal length with yew, the composite onion was also very durable. His term of service was counted in decades, and he could be transported in a ready condition, which seemed to the soldiers in the highest degree of valuable quality. Although, of course, I was taking off my bowstring for a long time.
India and Persia produced another type of bows: metal, made entirely of Damascus or Bulat. Probably, they were not used as military weapons, but were intended for sports shooting, because they required a lot of physical strength from the shooter and cost a lot of money, but did not have special advantages in comparison with the components.
It is the composite bows that were used by most peoples of Asia and Ancient Europe (starting with the Cretans). But in Europe in the Early Middle Ages, since the 4th century, such bows were most successfully used in the conquests of the steppe conquerors – the Huns, Avars, Bulgarians and Khazars.
Bow SVG Manufacturing
Even a “simple” wooden bow was actually not a simple stick. An onion made of yew, ash or acacia was carved in such a way that it consisted of two layers of wood with different properties. The tree was prepared for this fate literally from birth, and after it was cut down, the onion blank was cured in special conditions for several months. The yew onions served only for a short time – in a tense state the tree quickly lost its elasticity and deformed, so that the bowstring was stretched on the wooden bow only before the fight.
It was called a composite bow if it was glued together from several types of wood or if the wooden base was reinforced with horn plates. The main advantage of such a device was the ease of production: if you know what and what to stick together, you no longer had to look for or grow any special tree (and cultivation of yew under onions in England and Normandy was imputed to the peasants). The reinforced onions withstood more tension, served longer, could be of any length.
It was also practiced to make onions from several separate workpieces of different lengths, like a modern leaf spring. Strength and elasticity were achieved by compressing these individual parts. For compression, the peculiarity of drying raw leathers or steamed wood was used.