Birthday SVG – anniversary of birth, corresponds to the date of birth of the person.
Usually a birthday is celebrated as a home party, with family and friends. It is also common practice to celebrate this date with colleagues.
A man is called a newborn on his birthday, a birthday boy. The last name has been in use since the XIX century and is connected with the change of the tradition of celebrating the birthday to the tradition of celebrating the birthday and mixing the names of holidays. In some dictionaries, such use of the word “name” is marked as erroneous or vernacular.
Birthday SVG Historical traditions
Many cultures have celebrated the rite of initiation since ancient times when a child reached a certain age, but it was not tied to the date of birth. The earliest references to birthday celebrations are particularly significant figures – pharaohs, kings, gods. Birthday as a personal holiday began to spread in the 1st millennium BC.
Ancient Middle East
The earliest evidence of birthdays is attributed to the pharaohs of ancient Egypt with a dating of about 3000 BC. e., but some historians note that neither reliable evidence of the celebration of birthdays (in contrast to the celebration of the birth of the heir and the annual day of accession), nor even records of the exact date of birth of the pharaohs do not appear until the VII-th century BC. e., or even before the Hellenism. The birthday was celebrated only for the pharaohs and their heirs, the first celebration of a woman’s birthday belongs to the reign of Queen Cleopatra II (II century BC). The custom of celebrating the king’s birthday also existed in Assyria. Birthdays were celebrated with a feast attended by the nobles, servants and slaves, and prisoners were often released from prison to celebrate their birthdays.
There are records of the exact dates of birth of children and festive sacrifices in this regard at the court of Sumerian ensie Lugaland in the XXIV century BC. Maybe that’s the first reliable Birthday SVG certificate. At the same time Sumerians and Babylonians at least until VIII or even VI century B.C. usually did not record not only the date of birth, but even the age of people, heroes and gods.
The book of Genesis mentions that Pharaoh on his birthday “made a feast for all his servants”.
Interest in the exact date of birth spread in the V century BC among the conquered Persians Babylonians in connection with the popularity of horoscopes. Private birthdays were celebrated by the Persians of the Achaemenid dynasty (according to Herodotus and Plato). The custom of celebrating birthdays with feasts and giving gifts to the hero of the occasion was also known to other eastern nations.
Ancient Greece and Ancient Rome
In ancient Greece and ancient Rome the very birth of the child was celebrated; the custom of celebrating private birthdays began to take root in Greece only from the time of Alexander the Great, and later a similar custom was established in the Romans. In an epoch before Hellenism in Greece birthdays of gods were marked, thus they were not annual, and monthly (for example, birthday of Artemis – 6th day of each month on the Athenian calendar). There is a theory that erected the custom of birthday cake with candles to the pies dedicated to Artemis, decorated with lit candles, symbolizing the light of the moon. Birthdates of nationally known figures (e.g. Plato) were also recognized as socially important, and the accuracy of the date was not important – the date was linked to remarkable events retroactively. According to some sources, the Hellenistic world could also celebrate the birthdays of rulers and even private individuals every month.
In ancient Rome, the birthday was celebrated as the day of the patron genius, in his honor was made libations, sacrifice (special pie), smoking incense. The house and the hearth were decorated with wreaths, the newborn wore a festive toga (toga alba) and hosted a feast for friends and accepted wishes for happiness, congratulations (often poems and songs), and gifts; at the feast in his honor, toast health-resorts were made. Even the birthdays of the absent and dead were celebrated. The first mention of birthdays of individuals dates back to the beginning of the II century BC. (Plateau) and related to the celebration of the birthday of the head of the family, women’s and children’s birthdays were not celebrated (other than the celebration of the birth itself). Cicero opposed the birthday party as a meaningless custom: “It is in no way unworthy of a wise man … to think that every man has a birthday”. Unlike Greece, the birthdays of the gods were not celebrated in Rome; however, there is a theory linking Roman birthdays with the birthday customs of the god Mithra. The founding days of societies and organizations (e.g. urban communities and temples), the days of the reign of emperors were considered as a kind of birthday. Birthdays of Roman emperors were celebrated with gifts to the people, as well as parades, sports and musical competitions, games in circuses and amphitheaters; birthdays of previous emperors were also celebrated.
In the 3rd century A.D., the Roman writer Censorine wrote a book for his patron’s birthday, De die natali (from Latin for “Birthday”), about the customs of his birthday and everything he considered to be related to the birth of man (e.g., astrology, numerology, calendars).
Early Christians viewed birthday celebrations as a pagan tradition, a celebration that was not endorsed by the church, and the tradition of celebrating someone’s birthday ended.
By the 12th century, with the development of birth and baptismal registration in the parish book and with the softening of the church’s position, the tradition of celebrating birthdays in families has reemerged. In the 13th century, German peasants developed a certain ritual of children’s birthdays, including blowing out candles on a special round pie at the same time as wishing to keep a secret. The number of candles on the pie corresponded to the age of the newborn.
The custom of celebrating birthdays became widespread during the Protestant reformation.
In ancient China, as well as in the neighboring peoples (Tibetans, Mongols, Koreans, Japanese) it was not accepted to count down the age from the date of birth, the age of a person was counted from the New Year, which was like a universal birthday.
The custom of celebrating birthdays in China is probably influenced by the Buddha’s birthday party in Buddhism. If in 644 Emperor Tai-Zong expressed his dissatisfaction with the new-fashioned custom and inappropriate fun on this day, by the VIII century, the emperors were organizing numerous feasts on the occasion of his birthday, and the celebration of his birthday was firmly included in the life of the Chinese. It was noted that if the parents of the person responsible for the celebration died, the fun was inappropriate, but the gifts were not limited by public morality. Dear gifts to officials on the occasion of their birthdays caused dissatisfaction with the authorities and in the XIII century were banned under the fear of exile.
Birthday SVG Modern traditions
Celebrations usually include refreshments for friends and family, hospitality, gifts and congratulations to the person responsible for the celebration. In most cases, birthdays are celebrated as home (family) holidays, but there is also a tradition of celebrating the birthdays of colleagues and celebrating the holiday with co-workers, as well as birthdays in entertainment facilities (clubs, cafes, etc.).
Traditions of repeated (by the number of years) pulling by the ears or other physical influences (e.g. raising hands and legs, rocking, pinching), the performance of a welcome song (e.g. in English-speaking countries, and not only, – Happy Birthday to You, the most popular song in the world, according to the Guinness Book of Records), are widespread. It is customary to decorate a festive cake or cake with lit candles, the number of candles being equal to or greater than one age; the birthday boy must blow out all the candles and make a wish.
Anthropologist Ralph Linton believes that the tradition of Birthday SVG wishes to the birthday boy has magical roots and is associated with the idea that on his birthday a person is closer (or more open) to the world of spirits, rooted in pagan magical rituals and giving gifts, and a special pie with candles blown at making a wish.
In some cultures, birthdays on reaching a certain age are distinguished and may have special names and rituals. For example, the celebration of the 15th anniversary of the birth of girls in Latin America (Kinseanyera), the celebration of the religious majority of Jews (bat mitzvah at 12 for girls and bar mitzvah at 13 for boys), the 16th anniversary of the birth of girls in the United States (sweet sixteen).