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Free Bear SVG Files

Brown Bear SVG (lat. Ursus arctos) – a predatory mammal family of bears, one of the largest terrestrial predators.

Brown Bear Distribution

Once a brown bear was common throughout Europe, including England and Ireland (Atlas Bear), and in the east it reached Japan via Siberia and China. It probably came to North America about 40,000 years ago from Asia, through the Bering Isthmus, and settled widely in the western part of the continent from Alaska to northern Mexico.

The brown bear is now extinct in most parts of its range; it is not numerous in other areas. In Western Europe, separated populations have survived on the Pyrenees, Cantabrian Mountains, the Alps and the Apennines. Quite common in Scandinavia and Finland, found in the forests of Central Europe and the Carpathians. Declared a national animal in Finland.

In Asia, it extends from West Asia, Palestine, northern Iraq and Iran to northern China and the Korean peninsula. It’s found on Hokkaido Island in Japan. Known in North America as “grizzly” (formerly a North American brown bear was singled out as a separate species); it is numerous in Alaska, western Canada, and has limited populations in the northwest of the United States.

The brown bear area in Russia occupies almost the entire forest area, except for its southern regions. The northern boundary of the range coincides with the southern boundary of the tundra.

Bear SVG Appearance

Brown Bear SVG forms several subspecies (geographical races), differing in size and color. The world’s largest brown bears are found in southern Alaska and in Eurasia in Primorye and Kamchatka. The average weight and body length of bears in Kamchatka were 268.7 kg and 216.7 cm for adult males (over 7 years old) and 174.9 kg and 194.5 cm for adult females, respectively, which is higher than in other regions of Eurasia (with the exception of Primorsky Krai, where brown bears are believed to reach similar sizes). Taking into account that weighing was carried out mainly in early summer, the autumn mass of Kamchatka bears should be even higher. The study in the South Kamchatka sanctuary found a large male aged 8 years weighing 410 kg, with a body length of 249 cm and a chest circumference of 155 cm. Given that it was caught in early June, when the fat reserves were low, the bear could weigh more than 450 kg in autumn. The presence of bears weighing more than 400 kg in Kamchatka and the existence of particularly large males weighing more than 600 kg (although individuals of this size were not weighed by professional zoologists) are reliable. In Sakhalin, bears are slightly smaller than in Kamchatka, but larger than in most other regions.

Adult males of brown bear are much larger than females in the whole area (for large subspecies the difference in weight is 1.5-1.6 times). Sexual dimorphism in young individuals is not as pronounced.

The appearance of a brown bear is typical of a bear family member. His body is powerful, with a high withers; his head is massive with small ears and eyes. The tail is short – 65-210 mm, barely standing out from the wool. Paws strong with powerful, not tensioning claws in length of 8-10 sm, five-finger, stopping. Wool is thick, evenly colored.

The colour of the brown bear is very variable, not only in different parts of the area, but also within the same area. The color of the fur varies from light sticks to bluish and almost black. The most common is the brown uniform. The Rocky Mountain Grizzly may have white hair on its back at the ends, giving the impression of grey or gray hair. The whole grayish-white color is found in brown bears in the Himalayas, and pale reddish-brown – in Syria. Bears on their necks and breasts have light marks that disappear with age.

Brown bears’ molting takes place once a year, starting in spring and ending in autumn, but is often divided into spring and autumn. Spring lasts a long time and is the most intense during the rut period. Autumn moulting is slow and invisible, ending in the period of occurrence in the den.

Bear SVG Lifestyle and Nutrition

The brown bear is a forest animal. Its usual habitats in Russia are solid woodlands with stormstorms and burnt meadows of deciduous species, shrubs and herbs; it can enter both tundra and high-mountain forests. In Europe, he prefers mountain forests; in North America, he is more likely to be found in open areas – in tundra, in alpine meadows and on the coast.

Sometimes the bear stays alone, the female one with bears of different ages. Males and females are territorial, the average individual area is 73 to 414 km², and it is about 7 times larger in males than in females. The boundaries of the site are marked with odor marks and “scrapes” – scratches on the noticeable trees. Sometimes he makes seasonal migrations; in the mountains, a brown bear feeds in the valleys, where it snows earlier, then goes to the loaches (alpine meadows), then gradually descends into the forest belt, where berries and nuts ripen.

Brown bear is omnivorous, but his diet is 3/4 vegetable: berries, acorns, nuts, roots, tubers and stems of herbs. Bears in the northern regions visit oat crops in bad years, and in the southern regions – corn crops; in the Far East in autumn they feed in cedars. It also includes insects (ants, butterflies), worms, lizards, frogs, rodents (mice, marmots, gophers, chipmunks) and fish. In summer, insects and their larvae sometimes make up to 1/3 of the bear’s diet. Although predation is not a model strategy for brown bears, they also prey on ungulates, such as roe deer, fallow deer, elk, deer and caribou (most often in early spring, after the bear has retired from hibernation, when there is still very little plant food).

Grizzlies sometimes attack baryball wolves and bears, and in the Far East brown bears in some cases can hunt Himalayan bears and tigers. The brown bear loves honey (hence the name), eats the carrion, and uses the size advantage to take away prey from other predators – wolves, pumas and tigers. Seasonal food is provided by fish during spawning (salmonid passages), rhizomes in early spring, butterflies in the vicinity of the Rocky Mountains in summer, and butterflies hidden in the mountains among the stones from the summer heat. When the fish are just beginning to arrive for spawning, bears eat the whole fish caught, then eat only the fattest parts – skin, head, caviar and milk.

Brown bear is active all day long, but more often in the morning and evening.

Seasonal cyclicality of life is pronounced. By winter, the bear is feeding on subcutaneous fat (up to 180 kg) and from autumn lies in the den. Berlogs are located in a dry place, in most cases in pits protected by a storm or under the trees’ roots. Fewer bears dig up shelter in the ground or occupy caves and crevices of rocks. Bears have their favourite wintering grounds, where they gather year after year with the whole district. In different areas, winter sleep lasts from 75 to 195 days. Depending on climatic and other conditions, bears stay in the den from October to November until March to April, i.e. for 5-6 months. Bears with teddy bears live the longest in the den, the least of which are old males. In the south of the range, where winter is snowy, bears do not hibernate at all, but also accumulate fat reserves, as in these places in winter the amount of food is reduced. The bear loses up to 80 kg of fat during the wintering period.

Contrary to popular belief, a brown bear’s winter sleep is shallow; his body temperature in his sleep varies between 29 and 34 degrees Celsius. In case of danger, the animal wakes up and leaves the den in search of a new one. Sometimes it happens that the bear does not have time to feed well in the autumn, so in the winter also wakes up (and sometimes does not lie in the den at all) and begins to wander in search of food, such bears are called connecting rods. Shatuns are very dangerous, hunger makes them ruthless predators – they even attack humans. These bears have very little chance of surviving the spring.

Despite its clumsy appearance, the brown bear can sometimes run fast – at speeds of up to 50 km/h, swims excellently and climb trees well in his youth (he is reluctant to do so in his old age). With one stroke of the paw, a dull bear can break the back of a wild boar, deer or moose.