Bear Family SVG (lat. Ursidae) – a family of mammals of the detachment of predators. Differs from other representatives of the more radical structure of the body. Bears are omnivorous, climb and swim well, run fast, can stand and walk short distances on their hind legs. Have a short tail, long and thick wool, as well as an excellent sense of smell. Hunting in the evening or at dawn.
They are usually wary of people, but can be dangerous in places where they are used to people, especially polar bears and grizzly bears. Not sensitive to bee stings because of their thick coat, sensitive to bears bee stings in the nose. There are almost no natural enemies in nature.
Bear Family SVG General description
Compared to other families of the raptor group, bears are distinguished by the greatest uniformity of appearance, size, and many features of their internal structure. These are the largest of today’s terrestrial predatory animals. Polar bears reach a body length of 3 meters at a weight of up to 725 and even 890 kg; the Malaysian bear is the smallest representative of bears: its length does not exceed 1.5 meters, the height in the crest is only 50-70 cm; its weight is 27-65 kg.
Males are 10-20% larger than females. In polar bears the difference between males and females in size and weight reaches 1.5-2 times.
Fur with a developed undercoat, pretty rough. Hair cover is high, sometimes shaggy; most species are dense, while the Malay bear is low and rare. The color is monotonous, from coal-black to whitish. The big panda has a contrasting, black-and-white. There are light marks on the chest or around the eyes. Some species have individual and geographical variability of color. The color of the seasons doesn’t change. Seasonal dimorphism is expressed in the change of height and density of fur.
Bear Family SVG Anatomy features
All bears have a stocky, powerful body, many with a high withers.
The paws are strong, five-finger, with big, loose claws. The claws are controlled by powerful muscles that allow bears to climb trees, dig the ground and break prey. A grizzly bear’s claws can reach up to 15 cm, which helps him dig the ground, but prevents him from climbing trees. The bear’s gait is shuffling and stopping. A large panda on the front paws has an additional, sixth finger, a skin-covered radial sesame bone growth.
The tail is very short, inconspicuous in the fur. The exception is a large panda, whose tail is longer than that of other bears and is clearly visible from the outside.
Head’s big, eyes are small.
Fat neck, relatively short.
Bears’ skulls are large, usually with an elongated facial section. The ridges on the skull are heavily developed. The zygomatic arcs are weakly spaced sideways (in Malay bear – strongly). The jaws are powerful. A brown bear can have bite forces as high as 751 N. The incisors and canines are large, but the rest of the teeth are small and not specialized (partially reduced) due to the mixed type of nutrition. 32 to 40-42 teeth. There is often individual and age-related variability in the tooth system.
The sense of smell is strongly developed, some species have comparable or even better smell, hearing and vision are weaker. Anal glands are more often absent or very poorly developed.