Basketball SVG is a sports team game with a ball, in which the ball is thrown by hand into the opponent’s basket (ring).
Basketball is played by two teams, each of which consists of five field players (substitutions are not limited). The goal of each team is to throw the ball into the opponent’s netting ring (basket) and prevent the other team from taking possession of the ball and throwing it into their basket. The basket is located at a height of 3.05 m from the parquet (10 ft). A ball thrown from short and medium distances is scored two points, a long throw from a three-point line is scored three points and a penalty shot is scored one point. The standard size of the basketball court is 28 m long and 15 m wide. Basketball is one of the most popular sports in the world.
Basketball SVG has been part of the Olympic programme since 1936 (the inventor of the game, James Neismith, was there as a guest). Regular men’s World Basketball Championships have been held since 1950, women’s World Basketball Championships since 1953 and European Championships since 1935.
International club basketball competitions are held in Europe: Euroleague, Eurocup, FIBA Challenge Cup.
This game has reached its greatest development in the USA: the National Basketball Association (NBA) championship is the strongest national club tournament in the world for more than 50 years. Basketball is considered the national sport in Lithuania.
Basketball SVG History
In the winter of 1891, students at the Youth Christian Association College of Springfield, Massachusetts, who were forced to perform gymnastics exercises, which at the time were considered the only means of familiarizing young people with sports, were very bored in physical education classes. The uniformity of these activities had to end.
James Neismith College Professor found a way out of this situation. On December 21, 1891, he tied two peach baskets to the balcony railings of the gymnasium and, dividing eighteen students into two teams, offered them a game the meaning of which was to throw more balls into the basket of rivals.
The idea of this game came to him back in his school years, when the children played an ancient game “duck-on-a-rock” (“Duck on the rock”). The meaning of this popular game at the time was the following: throwing up a small stone, it was necessary to strike them at the top of another stone, larger in size.
The game, called basketball, only remotely resembled a modern sport. The ball did not exist, players only threw it to each other standing still and tried to throw it into the basket, and only with both hands from the bottom or the chest, and after a successful throw one of the players climbed up the stairs against the wall and took the ball out of the basket. Dr. Neismith’s goal was to create a collective game in which a large number of people could be involved at the same time, and his invention fully met that goal.
In 1892, Senda Berenson, a physical education teacher at Smith College in Northampton, Massachusetts, developed the first rules of women’s basketball.
Basketball SVG Formation
The first stages of basketball’s development are related to its spread to schools and colleges in the USA. Even before the beginning of the XX century, the game quickly gained some popularity not only in the United States, but also in Canada. The founder of basketball, the Youth Christian Association College, was at first actively involved in the regulation and dissemination of the game, but a decade later the leadership concluded that this activity impeded the achievement of the institution’s core mission and decided to distance itself from the new sport. In 1898, the first attempt was made to create a professional association – the National Basketball League – but it lasted only five years. After the First World War, two amateur organizations took responsibility for the rules and governance: the National University Sports Association and the Amateur Sports Union. An active role in the popularization of basketball played at the time and its immediate creator, J. Neismith.
Professional Basketball SVG
At the beginning of the 20th century, the first professional basketball teams began to take shape. On the one hand, a significant number of such teams (several hundred in number) have emerged throughout the United States in settlements of various sizes; on the other hand, there was virtually no organization of professional games. Players moved arbitrarily between the teams, matches were arranged in premises not adapted for the competition, various leagues and associations appeared and disbanded. Some barnstorming squads, such as Original Celtics, New York Renaissance Five or Harlem Globetrotters (the latter still exists today), have played up to 200 games a year.
In 1946, the Basketball Association of America (BAA) was founded. The first match under her auspices took place on November 1 of the same year in Toronto (Canada) between the teams of Toronto Huskies and New York Knickerbockers. After three seasons, in 1949, the association merged with the U.S. National Basketball League to form the National Basketball Association (NBA). By the middle of the century, basketball had become one of the key sports in educational institutions, and as a result, interest in professional basketball had increased proportionally. In 1959, in Springfield, where the first ever basketball match was held, the Hall of Fame was founded, where the names of the most important players, coaches, referees and other people who made a significant contribution to the development of the game are immortalized. About a decade later, in 1967, another organization, the American Basketball Association, was established, which for some time competed with the NBA; however, it was also short-lived and after 9 years merged with the National Basketball Association. The latter is currently one of the most influential and well-known professional basketball leagues in the world.