The European settlement was founded here in 1871 and Spokane SVG officially became a city in 1881. It was named after a local Indian tribe, and the word itself means “Children of the Sun”. Spokane’s official nickname is “lilac city”: many of these bushes were planted here in the early 20th century. At the end of the 19th century gold and silver were discovered in the northwest and the area became one of the most productive in terms of mining. Since then, Spokane’s economy has traditionally been based on natural resources: mining, deforestation and agriculture. Today, with a population of over 200,000, Spokane is the second largest city in Washington, D.C. and the largest economic center in the region. In addition, historically Spokane is considered to be the first place where Father’s Day was celebrated.